Saturday, January 1, 2011

LANDSCAPE WITH AROMATIC PLANTS/ LANSKAP DENGAN POKOK WANGIAN

LANDSCAPE USING PLANTS WITH FRAGRANCE FLOWERS

LANSKAP DENGAN POKOK BERBUNGA HARUM (POKOK WANGI)


ALGAIA ODORATA/ MOCK LEMON


Botanical name/ Nama sains: Aglaia odorata

Common name/ Nama biasa: Mock lemon

Family/ Famili: Meliaceae

Origin/Negara asal: China/ Negeri Cina

Growth habits or types/ Jenis: Tall shrubs/ Pokok sesemak tinggi

Sunlight/Matahari: Full sunlight/ Matahari penuh

Other info/Info lain: The flowers used by the Chinese for scenting tea, to perfume clothes. The Malay use the flowers as one of the ingredients of a param, a powder , applied to the body after childbirth.

Landscape uses/Kegunaan lanskap: Aromatic garden, specimen planting, hedges and barriers



ANGELONIA SALICARIAEFOLIA / ANGELONIA

Botanical name/ Nama sains: Angelonia salicariaefolia

Common name/ Nama biasa: Angelonia, Angelon, Daniel’s ear, Pokok Anjelonia

Family/m Famili: Scrophulariaceae

Origin/Negara asal: South America/Amerika selatan

Growth habits or types/ Jenis: Herbaceous shrubs/ Pokok sesemak rendah

Maximum height/ Ketinggian pokok: 1 meter

Sunlight/Matahari: Full sunlight/ matahari penuh

Landscape uses/Kegunaan lanskap: Aromatic garden, and herbaceous border/ Taman wangian dan tanaman tepi berkelompok.


BRUNFELSIA CALYCINA/ YESTERDAY-TODAY-AND-TOMORROW


Botanical name/ Nama sains: Brunfelsia calycina

Synonym/Sinonim: Brunfelsia pauciflora

Common name/ Nama biasa: Testerday- today - &- Tomorrow

Family/m Famili: Solanaceae

Origin/Negara asal: South America/ Amerika Selatan

Growth habits or types/ Jenis: Shrubs/ Pokok sesemak

Sunlight/Matahari: Full sunlight/ matahari penuh

Landscape uses/Kegunaan lanskap: Aromatic garden, specimen planting, hedges and barriers


BRUNFELSIA AMERICANA/ LADY OF THE NIGHT

Botanical name/ Nama sains: Brunfelsia americana

Common name/ Nama biasa: Lady of the Night

Family/m Famili: Solanaceae

Origin/Negara asal: West Indies

Growth habits or types/ Jenis: Shrubs/ Pokok sesemak

Sunlight/Matahari: Full sunlight/ matahari penuh

Landscape uses/Kegunaan lanskap: Aromatic garden, specimen planting, hedges and barriers



CANANGA ODORATA/ KENANGA

Cananga odorata

Cananga odorata 'Hybrid'

Botanical name/ Nama sains: Cananga odorata

Common name/ Nama biasa: Kenanga,Ylang Ylang,

Family/ Famili: Anonaceae

Origin/Negara asal: Malaysia, Asia

Growth habits or types/ Jenis: Small tree to tall shrub and hybrids/ Ada jenis pokok dan ada jenis ‘hybrid’ dan renek

Sunlight/Matahari: Full sunlight/ matahari penuh

Landscape uses/Kegunaan lanskap: Aromatic garden, specimen planting, shade trees and, group planting .


CHONEMORPHA PENANGENSIS/ PENANG RUBBER VINE

Botanical name/ Nama sains: Chonemorrpha penangensis

Synonym/Sinonim: C. macrophylla, C. rheedei
Common name/ nama biasa:Penang rubber vine, Climbing Frangipani, frangipani vine


Family/Famili: Apocynaceae
Native/Negara Asal: Malaysia, Himalaya, Indonesia, Sri Langka

Growth habits or types/ Jenis: Large vigorous Woody climbers

Sunlight/Matahari: Full sunlight/ matahari penuh

Other info/Info lain:

  • Flowering all year round/Berbunga sepanjang tahun
  • Stem produce latex/ Batang mengeluarkan getah

Aromatic flowers and in the old days the flowers are given to guests at weddings

Stem produce strong fibre which can stand fresh and sea water

The leaves are poisonous

Landscape uses/Kegunaan lanskap: Aromatic garden, pergola planting, and ornamental flowers



CITHAREXYLUM SPINOSUM /SUNDAL MALAM

Botanical name/ Nama sains: Citharexylum spinosum

Common name/ Nama biasa: Fiddlewood tree, Spiny fiddlewood

Family/ Famili: Verbernacea

Origin/Negara asal: Caribbean

Growth habits or types/ Jenis: Medium size tree/ Pokok sederhana besar

Sunlight/Matahari: Full sunlight/ matahari penuh

Propagation/Pembiakan:Seed and marcot/ Biji benih dan markot

Other info/Info lain: Attract butterfly and bees/ Pokok ini menarik rama-rama dan lebah

Landscape uses/Kegunaan lanskap: Aromatic garden, specimen planting.


FRAGRAEA FRAGRANS/ TEMBUSU

Botanical name/ Nama sains: Fragraea fragrans

Synonym/Sinonim: Crytophyllum peregrinum

Common name/ Nama biasa: Tembusu

Family/ Famili: Loganiaceae

Origin/Negara asal: Malaysia, Thailand, Indo-China

Growth habits or types/ Jenis: Tall trees/ Pokok tinggi

Sunlight/Matahari: Full sunlight/ matahari penuh

Landscape uses/Kegunaan lanskap: Aromatic garden, specimen planting, shade tree, group planting and wayside planting.


GARDENIA CARINATA/ KEDAH GARDENIA /CEMPAKA HUTAN

Botanical name/ Nama sains: Gardenia carinata

Common name/ Nama biasa: Cempaka hutan, Cempaka Kedah, Kedah Gardenia, Runda, randa, Jambu air hutan, Jambu batu paya, Sempedu burung, Kepayang air, Laka hutan

Family/Famili: Rubiaceae

Origin/Negara asal: Malaysia, Indonesia and Thailand

Growth habits or types/ Jenis: Moderate height tree/ Pokok sederhana tinggi

Sunlight/Matahari: Full sunlight/ matahari penuh

Landscape uses/Kegunaan lanskap: Aromatic garden, specimen planting, shade trees, group planting and wayside planting.


GARDENIA JASMINOIDES/ BUNGA CINA

Botanical name/ Nama sains: Gardenia jasminoides

Synonym/Sinonim: Gardenia florida, G. augusta

Common name/ Nama biasa: Bunga cina, gardenia

Family/ Famili: Rubiaceae

Origin/Negara asal: South China / Selatan Negeri Cina

Growth habits or types/ Jenis: Tall shrubs/ Pokok sesemak tinggi

Sunlight/Matahari: Full sunlight/ matahari penuh

Propagation/Pembiakan: Cuttings

Other info/Info lain; Dried corollas used to flavour tea

Landscape uses/Kegunaan lanskap: Aromatic garden, specimen planting, hedges and barriers


GARDENIA TUBEFERA/ CEMPAKA TANJUNG

Botanical name/ Nama sains: Gardenia tubefera

Synonym/Sinonim: Gardenia speciosa, G. resinifera

Common name/ Nama biasa: Golden gardenia, Delima hutan, Cempaka tanjung, randa burung,, kepayang ipil, kopeng air, jambu batu hutan, metiong, mentiong, put pa(Thailand)

Family/ Famili: Rubiaceae

Origin/Negara asal: Malaysia, Indonesia and Thailand

Growth habits or types/ Jenis: Moderate size tree

Sunlight/Matahari: Semi shade to full sunlight/Separa hingga matahari penuh

Soil type/Jenis tanah : Acid to neutral soil, fertile and rich in organic/ Tanah berasid dan neutral, tanah yang kaya dengan bahan organic

Other info/Info lain: Suitable for making potpourri as the flowers are strongly aromatic /Bunga yang sangat harum sesuai untuk dijadikan potpourri. Change colours from orange to yellow/Bertukar warna dari oren kepada kuning.

Landscape uses/Kegunaan lanskap: : Aromatic garden, , ornamental flowers and specimen planting.


GARDENIA LATIFOLIA/ CEMPAKA WALI

Botanical name/ Nama sains: Gardenia latifolia

Common name/ Nama biasa: Cempaka wali, Ceylon Boxwood, Indian boxwood, Papra

Family/ Famili: Rubiaceae

Origin/Negara asal: India

Growth habits or types/ Jenis: Medium size Tree/ Pokok sederhana tinggi

Sunlight/Matahari: Full sunlight/ matahari penuh

Landscape uses/Kegunaan lanskap: Aromatic garden, specimen planting, shade trees, and group planting.


HEDYCHIUM CORONARIUM/ GANDASULI

Botanical name/ Nama sains: Hedychium coronarium

Common name/ Nama biasa: Gandasuli, White ginger, Buttrerfly Ginger, Garland flower, Thahern (Thailand)

Family/ Famili: Zingiberaceae

Origin/Negara asal: Himalaya to China

Growth habits or types/ Jenis: Rhizomatous herb

Maximum height/ Ketinggian pokok: 1200MM

Sunlight/Matahari: Semi shade to full sunlight/ Separa hingga matahari penuh

Other info/Info lain: Gandasuli means i Sanskrit ‘ The fragrance of the princess’. Rhizome use to treat emaciation

Landscape uses/Kegunaan lanskap: Aromatic garden and herbaceous border


JASMINUM MULTIFORUM/ STAR JASMINE

Jasminum multiflorum

Botanical name/ Nama sains: Jasminum multiflorum

Synonym/Sinonim: J. pubescens

Common name/ Nama biasa: Star jasmine

Family/ Famili: Oleaceae

Origin/Negara asal: Burma

Growth habits or types/ Jenis: Climbers/ Pokok memanjat

Sunlight/Matahari: Full sunlight/ matahari penuh

Landscape uses/Kegunaan lanskap: Aromatic garden, specimen planting, hedges and barriers


JASMINUM SAMBAC/ BUNGA MELUR


Botanical name/ Nama sains: Jasminum sambac

Synonym/Sinonim: Jasminum nitidum

Common name/ Nama biasa: Bunga melur, Grand duke of Tuscany, Sambac, Mali, Maliwan, Ait, Arabian Jasmine

Family/ Famili: Oleaceae

Origin/Negara asal: Asia

Growth habits or types/ Jenis: Shrubs and climbers/ Pokok sesemak dan bolek memanjat

Sunlight/Matahari: Full sunlight/ matahari penuh

Propagation/Pembiakan: Cuttings/Keratan batang

Other info/Info lain: Leaves and Flowers are medicinal/ Daun dan bunga mempunyai khasiat perubatan

Landscape uses/Kegunaan lanskap: Aromatic garden, specimen planting, hedges and barriers


MICHELIA X ALBA / CEMPAKA PUTEH

Botanical name/ Nama sains: Michelia X alba

Common name/ Nama biasa: Cempaka puteh, Cempaka gading; Pecari puteh, Champaka bodas (Sunda), White Champaca, Champi (Thailand)

Family/ Famili: Magnoliaceae

Origin/Negara asal: Indonesia

Growth habits or types/ Jenis: Tall tree/ Pokok tinggi

Sunlight/Matahari: Full sunlight/ matahari penuh

Propagation/Pembiakan: Seeds

Other info/Info lain: Flower bud used as medicine after miscarriage, . The flower if distilled produced dark green oil ccontaining, linalool, methyi-eugenol, methyl-ethyl-acetic acid, acetic acid and thymol.

Landscape uses/Kegunaan lanskap: Aromatic garden, specimen planting, shade trees, group planting and wayside planting.


MICHELIA PUMULA/ CEMPAKA TELUR

Botanical name/ Nama sains: Michelia pumula

Synonym/Sinonim: Talauma pumula

Common name/ Nama biasa: Cempaka telur, Pisang-pisang (sham bananas), Cempaka ambon

Family/ Famili: Magnoliaceae

Origin/Negara asal: China/ Negeri Cina

Growth habits or types/ Jenis: Small tree/ Pokok kecil

Sunlight/Matahari: Full sunlight/ matahari penuh

Other info/Info lain: Chinese use flower-buds foro scenting hair-oil. The wood serves as kris handle and sheaths

Landscape uses/Kegunaan lanskap: Aromatic garden and, specimen planting



MICHELIA FIGO / CEMPAKA KELING

Botanical name/ Nama sains: Michelia figo

Synonym/Sinonim: Michelia fuscata

Common name/ Nama biasa: Cempaka telur, Pisang-pisang (sham bananas), Cempaka ambon

Family/ Famili: Magnoliaceae

Origin/Negara asal: China/ Negeri Cina

Growth habits or types/ Jenis: Small tree/ Pokok kecil

Sunlight/Matahari: Full sunlight/ matahari penuh

Other info/Info lain: Chinese use flower-buds foro scenting hair-oil. The wood serves as kris handle and sheaths

Landscape uses/Kegunaan lanskap: Aromatic garden and, specimen planting


MURRAYA KOENIGII/ POKOK KARI


Botanical name/ Nama sains: Murraya koenigii

Common name/ Nama biasa: Pokok kari, Indian Kari Tree

Family/ Famili: Rutaceae

Origin/Negara asal: india, Indi-China

Growth habits or types/ Jenis: Small tree/ Pokok rendah

Sunlight/Matahari: Full sunlight/ matahari penuh

Landscape uses/Kegunaan lanskap: Aromatic garden and spice garden / Taman wangian dan Taman herba.


MURRAYA PANICULATA/ KEMUNING

Botanical name/ Nama sains: Murraya paniculata

Synonym/Sinonim: Chalcas exotica, Murraya exitica

Common name/ Nama biasa: Kemuning, Kemuning Lada, Mock Orange, orange Jasmine, Chinese Myrtle, Burmese Boxwood; Keo , Mai keo (Thailand)

Family/ Famili: Rutaceae

Origin/Negara asal: Malaysia, South East Asia

Growth habits or types/ Jenis: Tall shrubs/Small tree

Sunlight/Matahari: Full sunlight/ matahari penuh

Propagation/Pembiakan: Seed or marcot/ Biji benih atau markot

Other info/Info lain: Wood used by the Malay to make Kris handle due to its not splitting properties. The leaves are medicinal.

Landscape uses/Kegunaan lanskap: Aromatic garden, specimen planting, hedges and barriers


OTACANTHUS CAERULEUS/ AMAZON BLUE

Botanical name/ Nama sains: Otacanthus caeruleus

Common name/ Nama biasa: Amazon blue

Family/ Famili: Acanthaceae

Origin/Negara asal: Brazil

Growth habits or types/ Jenis: Small shrub/ Pokok sesemak renek

Sunlight/Matahari: Semi-shade to full sunlight/ Separa hingga matahari penuh

Landscape uses/Kegunaan lanskap: Aromatic garden, specimen planting, and herbaceous border.




POLIANTHES TUBEROSA/ TUBEROSE/ HARUM SUNDAL MALAM

Botanical name/ Nama sains: Polianthes tuberosa

Common name/ Nama biasa: Tuberose,Harum sundal Malam

Family/m Famili: Agavaceae

Origin/Negara asal: Mexico

Growth habits or types/ Jenis: Small herbaceous shrubs/ pokok renik

Sunlight/Matahari: Full sunlight/ matahari penuh

Landscape uses/Kegunaan lanskap: Aromatic garden, specimen planting, and ground covers.


QUISQALIS INDICA/ RANGOON CREEPER/ AKAR DANI

Botanical name/ Nama sains: Quisqalis indica

Common name/ Nama biasa: Rangoon creeper, Drunken sailor, Chinese honeysuckle
/ akar dani

Family/ Famili: Combretaceae

Origin/Negara asal: Malaysia, Burma, New Guinea, Philippines

Growth habits or types/ Jenis: Pokok memanjat

Sunlight/Matahari: Semi shade to full sunlight/Separa hingga matahari penuh

Soil type/Jenis tanah: Well drain fertile soil/Memerlukan tanah yang subur dan air tidak bertakung

Propagation/Pembiakan: Cuttings/ Keratan batang

Other info/Info lain: Essential oil used in perfumery, eEssential oil enhance mood. Medicinal plant/ Mempunyai khasiat perubatan. Required a lot of watering/ perlu banyak air.

Landscape uses/Kegunaan lanskap: Aromatic garden, pergola planting


ROSA SPECIES/ ROSES/ BUNGA MAWAR

Botanical name/ Nama sains: Rosa spp.

Common name/ Nama biasa: Rose/ Bunga mawar

Family/ Famili: Rosaceae

Origin/Negara asal: Asia, Europe, North America , North west africa

Growth habits or types/ Jenis: Shrubs, Trailing , climbers and some species can grow up to 7 meters./ Banyak jenis , ada Pokok sesemak, memanjat, merayap dan ada jenis yang yang boleh mencapai tinggi 7 meter

Sunlight/Matahari: Semi shade to full sunlight/Separa hingga matahari penuh

Other info/Info lain: Flowers are distilled for essential oil. Medicinal plants, it is a practice to soak 10 rose flowers to drunk daily to stay healthy./ Bunga mawar disuling untuk minyak atsiri dan digunakan didalam industry minyak wangi. Pokok bunga mawar ada mempunyai khasiat perubatan, mengikut amalan perubatan tradisional 10 kuntum bunga ros yang tidak terdedah kepada racun serangga direndam didalam segelas air dan diminum setiap hari untuk kekel sihat.

Landscape uses/Kegunaan lanskap: Aromatic garden, specimen planting, ornamental flowers hedges , climbers and barriers


STROPHANTUS GRATUS

Botanical name/ Nama sains: Strophantus gratus

Synonym/Sinonim: Roupellia grata, Akan Asante

Common name/ Nama biasa: Cream fruit, Climbing oleander, rose Allamanda
Family/m Famili: : Apocynaceae

Origin/Negara asal: West Africa (Ghana)

Growth habits or types/ Jenis: Shrub and climber/ pokok sesemak yang boleh memanjat

Sunlight/Matahari: Semi shade to full sunlight/Separa hingga matahari penuh

Soil type/Jenis tanah: Well drain fertile soil/Memerlukan tanah yang subur dan air tidak bertakung

Other info/Info lain :

  • · Medicinal plant and used in treating leprosy, dysentery, venereal disease, diarrhoea/ Mempunyai khasiat perubatan dan di gunakan untuk merawat sakit kusta, gigitan serangga, disentri, penyakit kelamin
  • · A lot of watering/ perlu banyak air

Landscape uses/Kegunaan lanskap: Aromatic garden, specimen planting, ornamental flowers , and climbers.

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TABERNAEMONTANA DIVARICATA/ SUSUN KELAPA

Botanical name/ Nama sains: Tabernaemontana divarcata

Synonym/Sinonim: T. Coronaria, Evartamia divarcata

Common name/ Nama biasa: susun kelapa, Pin wheel flower, Ceylon jasmin

Family/ Famili: Apocynaceae

Origin/Negara asal: Malaysia, Thailand, Myanmar, India

Growth habits or types/ Jenis: Tall shrub

Sunlight/Matahari: Semi-shade to full sunlight/ Separa hingga matahari penuh

Landscape uses/Kegunaan lanskap: Aromatic garden, specimen planting, hedges and barriers


VALLARIS GLABRA/ KESIDANG

Botanical name/ Nama sains: Vallaris glabra

Synonym/Sinonim: V. Pergulana, V. pergularia

Common name/ Nama biasa: Kesidang, bread flower

Family/m Famili: Apocynaceae

Origin/Negara asal: Malaysia, Asia

Growth habits or types/ Jenis: woody climbers

Sunlight/Matahari: Full sunlight/ Matahari penuh

Propagation/Pembiakan: Markot

Landscape uses/Kegunaan lanskap: Aromatic garden and pergola planting.


WRIGHTIA RELIGIOSA/ JELITI

Botanical name/ Nama sains: Wrightia religiosa/

Common name/ Nama biasa: Jelti, Wild water plum

Family/m Famili: Apocynaceae

Origin/Negara asal: Malaysia &Thailand

Growth habits or types/ Jenis: Tall shrub/ Small tree

Sunlight/Matahari: Full sunlight/ matahari penuh

Propagation/Pembiakan: Cuttings and seeds

Landscape uses/Kegunaan lanskap: Aromatic garden, specimen planting ,bonsai, hedges and barriers.

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REFERENCES;

  • 101 Garden plants in Singapore
  • A Dictionaty Of The Economic products of The Malay Peninsula= I.H. Burkill
  • Malaysian Flowers in Colour- H.F.Chin
  • Plants and Flowers of Malaysia - Ivan polunin
  • Wikipedia

http://culturesheet.org/rubiaceae:gardenia:actinocarpa

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gardenia_latifolia









1 comment:

  1. ✩✩✩ Feliz 2011 ✩✩✩

    "Nós abriremos o livro. Suas páginas estão em branco. Nós vamos pôr palavras nele. O livro chama-se Oportunidade e seu primeiro capítulo é o Dia de ano novo." (Edith Lovejoy Pierce)

    Ingredientes: prosperidade, felicidade, amor, sonhos, luta, vencer! Sabedoria para construir o que se espera de um novo amanhecer.

    Obrigada por estar comigo em 2010! Que hoje e sempre não seja diferente. Vamos somar aprendizados.

    Juliana Carla
    brailledalma.blogspot.com

    ReplyDelete