Sunday, February 28, 2010

Datura Metel (Kecubung)

POKOK KECUBUNG/DATURA METEL


Botanical name/nama sains:Datura metel
English name/nama inggeris:Thorn apple, angel's trumpet, devil's trumpet
Family/famili: Solanaceae
Origin/Negara asal:Asia and Africa/ Negara asia dan afrika
Plant height/ketinggian pokok: 2 meter
Leaves/daun: Almost similar to Brinjal's leave/Seperti daun terung

Flowers/ bunga:
  • Big.besar
  • Trumpet shape / berbentuk serombong
  • Colour varies from Purple, white,yellow or orange/ Warna berbeza, ungu, putih kuning atau oren

Fruits/Buah:
  • Spiny/ berduri

Poisonous alkaloid contents/ kandungan alkaloids beracun:

Scopolamine
  • An alkaloid with anticholinergic effects that is used as a sedative and to treat nausea and to dilate the pupils in ophthalmic procedures.
  • Scopolamine, also known as levo-duboisine, and hyoscine, is a tropane alkaloid drug with muscarinic antagonist effects.

Hyoscyamine
  • a poisonous crystalline alkaloid (isometric with atropine but more potent); used to treat excess motility of the gastrointestinal tract

Alkoloid’s content as reported by Brill's paper( Phillip..Journ.Sci. A-11, 1916 page 257) in percentage:-
  • Immature fruit wall/ Buah muda- 0.022
  • Mature seeds/buah tua- 0.217 to 0.589
  • Stems/batang-0.032 to 0.044
  • Leaves/daun- 0.069 to 0.406
  • Flowers/bunga-0.171 to 0.450

Medical use/ Kegunaan perubatan:-
  • Leaves is used as an anodyne or soothing and eliminating pain to treat boils, sores on the leg, hemorrhoid, rheumatism, swollen joints/Penahan sakit, sengal tulang dan sendi
  • The juice of the flowers may be squeezed into ears for ear-ache/perahan bunga untuk ubat telinga
  • Mental derangement/ubat orang gila
  • Fevers with catarrhal and cerebral complications/demam panas
  • Diarrhea/cirit-birit
  • Ring worm/kurap
  • Painful tumors/ketumbuhan
  • Convulsion/konvulsi
  • Hallucination/halusinasi
  • Inflammation of the breast/bengkak payudara
  • Indian use the leaves for skin complaints caused by animal parasites; cholera, hydrophobia, syphilis/Orang India guna daun untuk ubati gigitan kutu, siflis.
  • Malays use leaves to treat enlarged spleen and swollen testcles/Orang Melayu guna daun untuk bengkak limpa dan bengkak telur orang lelaki
  • Some people claims that the dried leaves smoked with tobacco to treat asthma but yet to be proven./Ada golongan mengatakan daun kering dan tembakau dibuat rokok untuk ubati lelah dan ini perlu dapat kepastian.

Landscape use/ kegunaan landskap:-
  • Flowering shrubs

Used by criminals

During the old days the seeds with other herbs, was used as poison in criminal act; and robbers used the smoke of burnt seed as hallucinogens to make sure that the house occupants were knocked out unconscious while they rob their homes. Pada zaman dahulu biji kecubung dicampur dengan herba lain digunakan sebagai racun dan penyamun mengunakan asap biji kecubung bagi tujuan memukau penghuni rumah yang dirompak.

Notes/catitan;-

There are more articles
listed at the top right column ,listed on the following headings/terdapat banyak lagi artikel disenarai di ruangan kanan/atas dibawah tajuk berikut:-
  • Tips on landscape.
  • Tips on herbal plants,
  • Tips on agriculture
  • General tips .



Reference/rujukan
Gimlette, malay poisons,ed. 1929
Wikipedia
I.H.Burkill – A Dictionary of the Economic Products of the Malay Peninsula
Gard, Bull- The Medical Book of Malayan Medicine
Gimlette, British Medical Journal May 16, 1903







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