Sunday, December 19, 2010

PALMS AND CYCADS/ POKOK PALMA DAN CYCADS

CHOICE OF PALMS AND CYCADS FOR LANDSCAPE IN MALAYSIA
PILIHAN POKOK PALMA DAN CYCADS UNTUK LANSKAP DI MALAYSIA

WODYETIA BIFURCATA

Common Name: foxtail palm, Pinang ekor musang
  • Suitable for residential landscape
\Wodyetia bifurcata at Kuantan port, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia


CARYOTA MITIS

Common Name: Fishtail palm, Clustered fishtail palm, tukas
  • Not suitable for residential landscape (fruits can cause itchiness)
  • Origin: South East Asia
  • Source of palm sugar (nira)
  • Maximum height: 8 meters
  • Flowering starts at the top of the stem and subsequently proceeds lower and lower down the stem. After last flowering almost at the base of the stem, the stem will die off and new stem will grow.

Caryota mitis / fishtail palm



VEITCHIA MERRILLII

Common name: Manila palm, Dwarf royal palm, Adonidia palm, Christmas palm

  • Full sunlight
  • Maximum height: 5-6 meters
  • Suitable for courtyard, atrium and landscape of small area

Veitchia merrillii / manila palm at Kuantan port, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia


PHOENIX ROEBELENII

Common name: Dwarf date palm, pygmy date palm
  • Full sunlight area
  • Origin: South East Asia, south wesr China, Laos, North Vietnam
  • Suitable for residential landscape
  • Thorny fronds (Keep it away from children)
  • Maximum height: 3 meters
  • Popular ornamental plants, we usually plant it in pairs on grass mound in clean cut landscape

Phoenix roebelenii at Kuantan Port, Kuantan, pahang, Malaysia


COPERNICIA ALBA

Common name: Caranday palm, Caranda, Palma blanca
  • South American specie
  • Maximum Height 25 meters
  • Slow growing
Copernicia alba



LIVISTONA DICIPIENS

Common name: Ribbon fan palm, weeping cabbage palm
  • Full sunlight area
  • Suitable for residential landscape
  • Thorny fronds, we usually plant palm with 2 meters clear trunk height
  • Origin: Australia
  • Maximum height: 10 meters
  • Can withstand cold weather up to -10 degrees centigrade


Livistona decipiens



JOHANNESTEIJSMANNIA ALTIFRONS

Common name: Daun payung, Diamond joey, Joey palm

  • Shade area
  • Suitable for residential landscape


Johannesteijsmannia altifrons



LICUALA SPINOSA

Common name: Mangrove fan palm, Palas
  • Semi to fully shade
  • Thorny fronds
  • Not suitable for residential landscape as it occupy too much space

Licuala spinosa



ROYSTONEA SPECIES


ROYSTONEA REGIA
Synonym:
Oreodoxa regia, Roystonea ventricosa
Common name: Royal palm
  • Full sunlight area
  • Not suitable for residential landscape as the palm is too big

Roystonea olearacea at Puncak, Indonesia

The trunk of Roystonea regia is slimmer at the base.


ROYSTONEA OLERACEA
Synonym: Roystonea caribaea
Common name: Carribean Royal palm
  • Full sunlight area
  • Not suitable for residential landscape as the palm is too big


The trunk of Roystonea oleraceae is bigger
at the bottom and tapered upward.

LICUALA GRANDIS

Synonym: Pritchardia grandis
Common name: Fan palm, Vanuatu Fan Palm, Palas payung
  • Thrive well in semi shade area
  • Suitable for residential landscape but keep it away from children due to thorny fronds
Licuala grandis



RHAPIS MULTIFIDA

Common name: Finger palm, Pinang rotan, monkey palm
  • Thrive well in semi shade area
  • Suitable as indoor plant and external landscape including for residential.
  • Maximum height: 2.5 meters
  • Use as patio, courtyard, pivot point, softening of wall, complimenting taller palm etc
  • Organic rich and well drain soil
Rhapis multifida


CYCAS REVOLUTA

Common name: Japanese cycas, King Sago Palm, Sago Palm

  • Full sunlight area
  • Suitable for residential landscape but keep it away from children, sharp leaves
  • Origin: Southern Japan
  • Maximum height: 7 meters
  • It grow best in sandy well drain soil with some organic
  • The most popular landscape soil and because it is very expensive only prestigious landscape project use this plants.
  • Very slow growing
  • Extremely poisonous to animal if ingested. All part of the plant contain toxin Cycasin.

Cycas revoluta



ARECA CATECHU

Common name: Areca nut, Areca nut palm, Pinang makan, Pinang kampung, Pinang, Puga, Supari
  • Full sunlight area
  • Origin; South East Asia
  • Penang in Malaysia was named after this palm tree
  • Suitable for residential landscape
  • Slow growing dwarf var. also available
  • Nuts chewed along with betel leaf throughout South East asia
  • The seed contains alkaloids namely, arecaine and arecoline


Areca catechu



WASHINGTONIA ROBUSTA

Common name: Mexican fan Palm, Mexican Washintonia
  • Full sunlight area
  • Origin: Mexico
  • Suitable for residential landscape with large compound
  • Maximum height: 30 meters
  • Shaggy skirt of dead fronds need constant removal
  • Prefer rich well drain soil
  • Use as formal grouping, street planting and groves in large open area.

Washingtona robusta at Bukit Jelutung, Shah Alam , Selangor, Malaysia



ZAMIA FURFURACEA


Common name: Cardboard palm

  • Use as specimen planting, salt resistance and can be use in beachaside planting
  • Origin: Coast of Mexico
  • Poisonous plant

Zamia furruracea


CYCAS RUMPHII

Common name:Malayan fern palm, Queen sago, Biak, Paku Gajah, Paku Laut, Intalappana, Pekis rady

  • Semi shade/Full sunlight area
  • Origin: South East Asia
  • Maximum height: 1o meters
  • seed contain glucoside, pakoein
  • The bark, seeds and asap use as poultice to treat sores.


Cycas rumphii



LIVISTONA ROTUNDIFOLIA

Common name: Serdang, Anahaw palm, footstool palm
  • Full sunlight area
  • Suitable for residential landscape, roadside planting and grouping
  • Thorny fronds, we usually plant palm with 2 meters clear trunk height

Livistona rotundifolia at Precint 1, Putrajaya, Malaysia




DYPSIS LUTESCENS

Synonym: Chrysalidorcarpus baronii var. littorallis, Chrysalidorcarpus lutescens
Common Name: Yellow cane palm, Butterfly palm, Golden cane palm

  • Semi shade/Full sunlight area
  • Suitable for residential landscape

Yellow cane palm,Taman Wetland, Putrajaya, Malaysia



RHAPIS EXCELSA

Synonym; Raphis flabelliformis

Common Name: Pinang rotan, Lady palm, monkey palm
  • Semi shade /Full sunlight
  • Suitable for residential landscape (Indoor and outdoor)

Rhapis excelsa atTaman Wetland, Putrajaya, Malaysia



COCOS NUCIEFERA

Common Name: Coconut, Kelapa
  • Full sunlight area

Cocos nuciefera


Fruits of Cocos nuciefera at Taman Wetland, Putrajaya, Malaysia



CYRTOSTACHYS RENDA BLUME

Common Name: Pinang merah, sealing wax palm

  • Semi shade/Full sunlight area
  • Suitable for residential landscape

Cyrtostachys renda at Taman Wetland, Putrajaya, Malaysia



PTYCHOSPERMA MACARTHURII

Synonym: Actinophloeus macarthurii, Kentia macarthurii
Common Name: Macarthur palm

  • Semi shade to full sunlight area
  • Suitable for residential landscape
  • Ripe fruits attracts birds
  • fruits not edible


Ptychosperma macarthurii at Taman Wetland, Putrajaya, Malaysia


HYOPHORBE LAGENICAULIS

Common Name: Bottle palm


  • Full sunlight area
  • Suitable for residential landscape (specimen planting)


Hyophorbe lagenicaulis at Taman Putra Perdana, Putrajaya, Malaysia



PHOENIX SYLVESTRIS

Common Name: Bilver date palm, sugar date palm

  • Full sunlight area
  • Suitable for residential landscape with large compound, roadside planting and grouping
  • Thorny fronds, we usually plant palm with 2 meters clear trunk height

Phoenix sylvestris at Putrajaya, Malaysia



BISMARKIA NOBILIS 'SILVER '

Common Name: silver bismark
  • Too big for residential landscape
  • Full sunlight
Bismarkia nobilis 'Silver" at Taman putra Perdana , Putrajaya, Malaysia


CARYOTA NO

Synonym; Caryota rhumphiana var Borneensis
Common Name: giant fishtail palm
  • The palm will bear fruits non stop
  • Too big for residential landscape
  • Semi shade/Full sunlight area

Caryota no at Taman putra Perdana , Putrajaya, Malaysia

LIVISTONA HUMILIS


  • Full sunlight area
  • Suitable for residential landscape
  • Thorny fronds, we usually plant palm with 2 meters clear trunk height

Livistona humilis at Taman putra Perdana , Putrajaya, Malaysia


LIVISTONA CHINENSIS

Common Name: Serdang cina, Chinese fan palm
  • Full sunlight area
  • Suitable for residential landscape
  • Thorny fronds, we usually plant palm with 2 meter clear trunk height

Livistona chinensis at Taman Putra Perdana, Putrajaya, Malaysia


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